ESAT PASHA (1862-1952)
Esat Pasha was born Yanya, in 1862. He graduated from the Academy of War with staff captain rank. He went to Germany, where he stayed under training for four years. After Esat Pasha returned home, he was appointed as the assistant of German Goltz Pasha.
During Greek-Ottoman War (1879), he participated in the Staff of Yanya Army Corps. Later he gave lessons in the Academy of War.
Esat Pasha was sent to Salonica as the second commander of the Third Army Corps. He was recalled to Istanbul and accused by not repressing the movements of the Committee of Union and Progress. He was trailed in Yildiz but, with the declaration of the Second Constitution, he trial was dismissed.
Esat Pasha was appointed as the Commander of Gallipoli Group and participated in the Balkan Wars. He became a name with his successful defence of the Castle of Yanya.
During the Gallipoli Wars, Esat Pasha was in command of the Eastern Group. After the war, he became the Minister of Marine.
Esat Pasha died in Istanbul, in 1952. A selection of his memories was published in 1975.