ANZAC was the name given to the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
soldiers who landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey early on the morning of 25 April 1915 during
the First World War (1914-1918).
ANZAC Day - 25 April - is probably Australia's most important national
occasion. It marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New
Zealand forces during the First World War. ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
The soldiers in those forces quickly became known as ANZACs, and the pride they soon took in that name
endures to this day as a result, one day in the year has involved the whole of Australia in solemn
ceremonies of remembrance, gratitude and national pride for all our men and women who have fought
and died in all wars. That day is ANZAC Day - 25 April.
On this day, above all days, we remember those Australian and New
Zelland men and women who died or suffered in the great tragedy of war.
On the morning of April 25th, 1915, Australian and New Zealand
troops landed under fire at Gallipoli, and it was then and in the violent campaign which followed,
that the ANZAC tradition was forged. The elements of that tradition have inspired and offered an
enduring example to later generations of Australians.
Each year the commemorations follow a pattern that is familiar to
each generation of Australians and NewZelland. A typical ANZAC Day service contains the following
features: introduction, hymn, prayer, an address, laying of wreaths, recitation, "The last post",
a period of silence, "The rouse" or "The reveille", and the National Anthem. At the Australian War
Memorial, following events such as the ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day services, families often place
red poppies beside the names of relatives on the Memorial's Rolling on.