Canakkale, which is one of the most important touristical spots of Turkey,
is located along the dardanelles strait at the north-west part of Turkiye.
The city has always been strategically important due to the reason of being a
crossing point for armies, traders, migrating people since before history.
The city of Canakkale lends its name to the strait, which is also known as dardanelles,
whose shores touch both Europe and Asia continents, while connecting the sea of Marmara
to the Aegean Sea. Anyone who controlled this gateway, commanded a highly strategic area.
This strategic importance has stimulated the popularity of canakkale province as the
homeland of many civilizations and critical battles throughout the centruies.
Some Archaeologists claim that there are about 200 ancient sites in the province of Canakkale,
where many of them waiting to be excavated.
Canakkale,with its natural wonder and historical wealth,is one of the unmatched
cities of the world.The many times destroyed and rebuilt antique city of Troy;Alxandria Troas ,the biggest
antique city of Anatolia,which was considered by Empreror Konstantin as the capital of his empire;Assos where
Aristotle ,one of the most prominent philosopher of the history spent some part of his life;Apollo Smintheus
Holy Area;Parion ,near Biga Kemer ;Neandreia where once stood the Temple of Aiolia; the Zeus Atlar mentioned
by Homeros in his world-famous Iliad;the forts of Babakale,Cimenlik and Kilitbahir;the Gallipoli Peninsula
whwrw one of the bloodiest battles of the 20th Century were fought ;the historical town of Gelibolu; the
biggest Turkish island Gökçeada; naturally beautiful Bayramic Ayazma; and the authentic Bozcaada with its
crystal waters, medieval castle and delicious wine...
The province of Canakkale with territories on both sides of the straits called
'Hellespontos' and 'Dardanelles' all through the history, one of the two important sea routes between Asia
and Europe,has always possessed a strategic importance and has always played an important role in the history
of civilization.In Otoman times Canakkale was known as 'Kale-i Sultaniye' or 'Sultaniye Castle' after a massive
fort was constructed here in mid 15th Century by Sultan Mehmed II. The name 'Canakkale' used today is most
probably from its clay soil very suitable for pottery which means 'canak' in Turkish. This ancient tradition
of pottery was always famous in the region and it's still carried on today.
The first settlement here was around the fort after it was completed.
The Romanies first,and then the Greeks and Aemenians who had worked for the construction,had established
their quarters around it.After the aconomical growth in the following centuries the city started becoming
an important port,and eventually consular and trading-attache offices were established which amounted up
to 20 at its peak time.
The hostilities in Europe from the beginning of the 20th Century caused
pretty complicated influx of migrations to and off the area.All non-moslem inhabitants left here in a
period of 50 years.Turkish immigrants from the Balkans and the Aegean island got settled in the region.
The climate of Canakkale is a blend of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Rainy seasons are generally in spring,autumn and winter.The average daily temperature is between 25-35
degrees C in summer,and about 10 degrees C in winter.The urbanization is relatively slow compared with
other parts of Turkey.Living in Canakkale is easy without problems as of the metropoles .The annual
aducation statistics is over the national ratio.It shouldn't be considered a fortune-telling to say that
in the next 10 years Canakkale will be in pretty different positions with its potential of tourism,
fishing and industry in particular...
After İstanbul, Canakkale is the second crossing point of the country between
Asia&Europa,therefore it's always busy with the trans-continental traffic of vehicles and pessengers.
On the rush days such as March 18,April 23,May 19 and Anzac week, the ferry-boats keep sailing non-stop
between the two shores.
Across from the ferry-terminus stands the historical clock-tower constructed in 1897 by an Emily Vitali,the Italian businessman and the consul resided in the city. The giant Krupp gun used during the battles in 1915 is displayed at the Republic Square. Other landmarks are the ceramic panel displaying the route of the legendary Silk Road;the giant magnolia tree planted in memory of a Cretian bride came here to marry a boy from Canakkale;and the 19th Century rectorate building of the Univercity on the seafront near the harbour restored as a cultural centre,with galleries for exhibitions.
The old houses of Canakkale congregated on the central narrow streets are mostly used as shops and cafes today.Carsı Caddesi ;Yalı Han&Aynalı Carsı(the Mirrored Bazaar);Cay, Greek and Jewish quarters;Zafer&Cumhuriyet Squares; Fatih, Tıflı&Yalı mosques ; the Havra (Synagogue);Halk Bahçesi;the littoral cordon; the historical clock tower;the Fetvahane Street; Nedime Hanım Girls School are some of the prominent features worth to see in Canakkale.Aynalı Carsı(the Mirrored Bazaar)was constructed by an Ilia Haylo in 1889 as a small scale of the Spice Bazaar in İstanbul.It was shattered by the naval bombardments during the Gallipoli Campaign in 1915 and was reconstructed later.The authentic Yalı Han where some social and cultural functions are performed today in its inner court is also worth to visit.You can give a peaceful break there during your city tour for a cold beer or a cup of tea or coffee.
The Canakkale Marina, with its depth of 4 meters,has the capacity to moore 75 boats, and another 110 boats can also be tied in the adjacent fishing-boats shelter.With its six staff,the marina is on duty round the clock to serve power,water and gasoline to the boats ,as well to cater travellers at its cafeteria.
Besides the transit logging and entry-exit sevices provided ,help also given for mechanical and electronical break-downs, as well advises for divers.
190 boats visited the Canakkale Marina in 2003 and 352 in 2004.The 2005 target is 450-500 boats.Works are carried on to increase the capacity for 150 boats in 2005.The marina had hosted the Eastern Mediterranean Yatch Rally in the last 6 years ,and the Marmara Yatch Rally the last 2 years.It is in permanent close contact with Ataköy and Setur marinas.Contact phone : 0286 212 84 53
The Archeological & Naval
Museum are centrally located in Canakkale.Reliefs, tomb-stones,statues, ceramics,historical objects from Roman&Hellenistic periods ,finding from Troy,the necropolis of Bozcaada (Tenedos),Apollon Smintheus ,tumuluses of Dardanos ,Can&Yenice,coins and glass objects,Aphrodite statuette and considerable sarcophaguses are displayed at the Archeological Museum.Contact phones:0286 217 65 65 & 0286 217 67 40
At the Naval Museum are displayed guns and military objects from the Ottoman period, equipments from World War I, books and maps of Piri Reis.
Cimenlik Kalesi(the Fort of Cimenlik),converted to a military museum today ,was constructed in 1452 by Sultan Mehmet II aiming to keep sea traffic under control.A replica of the mine layer NUSRET is also displayed within the museum park.
The International Troy Festival will be performed 42nd time in 2005 between 9-16 August.Photograph ,caricature&ceramic exhibitions ;performances of the theatre plays&films;slide shows and concerts comprise the festival programme.This most important and comprehensive organisation of Canakkale run by the municipatily win much approval of the localers and it's getting more&more established within the international culture arena.
Canakkale is also rich with its entertainment &catering facilities,restaurants,hotel roof-tops,cafes and bars on the littoral cordon north &south of the ferry wharf,as well on the many streets behind it.The most fresh&delicious fish of the Dardanelles and the Aegean Sea are served in the many restaurants.
The cordon and the main square are active round the clock.Live or DJ music are performed at the many entertainment premises concentrated on Barlar(Fetvane)Street.
You can enjoy most pleasant times at any one of the above mentioned or on the benches lined on the sea shore by dining or sipping your drink or just by sitting there idly,watching the endless trail of ocean going ships sailing up and down the legendary Dardanelles.
The history of pottery in Canakkale region dates back to BC centuries.It is believed that this business had had given the city its name as 'pttery'means 'canak' in Turkish. Nowadays this business is carried on in small scale,mainly at individual small workshops,producing touristic souvenir objects in general.Still samples from the 18th&19th centuries Otoman products are found in the area which were distinguished by their original designs ,shapes and glazes.Rugs and kilims ,an important handicraft of the region, are generally produced in the villages of Can, Ezine, Bayramic and Ayvacık.Weavery of cotton and wool clothes ,socks and purses is also widespread in the area.
Dardanelles, being a route of seasonal undersea migration from the Black Sea to the Marmara and the Mediterranean, has an important sea-food potential.With its ever cleaz and not any slightest polluted waters the straits is always generous to the hundreds of families that earn life by fishery.The most delicious fish of Turkey are here which has a significant importance in the regional economy.
Considerable amount of daily fresh fish are dispatched to the many parts of the country ,as well exported-particularly to Greece.Sea bass,dentex,gilt-head bream,redsea bream,mackerel,horse mackerel,red-mullet,blue fish,sea bream,bonito,swordfish,large bonito,lobster,octopus and calamary are some of the significant kinds.
Besides its natural wonder and historical wealth,Canakkale is also rich with its mineral springs and hot water spas.The mineral waters of Kirazlı and Balaban are said af having peculiarities of destroying the kidney stones.The spas of Külcüler/Bayramic,Can,Biga/Kırkgecit,Kestanbol and Kücükcetmi are some of the most significant.Three more sanatory springs are the Roman spring at Kücükkuyu,and the ones at Inciraltı&Kızılca Tuzla.The Kestanbol Spa,close to Alexandria Troas,is world-widely reputed for remendying many diseases.
Canakkale is also important with its unspolit nature,clean sea and undersea wonders.You can swim on almost all shore here.Güzelyalı ,Geyikliwith Dalyan&Tavaklı beaches, Ayvacık with beaches of Gülpınar,Assos,Kadırga Cove and Sokakagzı(Sivrice),Kücükkuyu,Bozcaada with beaches of Ayazma,Sulubahce,Habbele, Mermerburnu&Akvaryum,Gökceada with beaches of Aydıncık,Marmaros, Kalekoy&Yıldız, Saros Bay popular for all divers &fishers, Lapseki, Karabiga, Gelibolu... Each possessing its own beauties,rich with undersea flora&fauna.Canakkale offers divers many different alternatives.
Canakkale 18 Mart Univercity,founded in 1992, has 17000 students in its 24 academic units of nine faculties, thirteen vocational calleges and two institutes.733 academic and about 400 administration staff aim to educate Turkish youth on the fields of agriculture, economics &administrative sciences, education, engineering&architecture, fine arts, fisheries, medicine, scences&arts, and theology.
55%of the whole Canakkale area is suitable for agriculture.Besides stock raising,olive, fruits&vegetables are the main crops.
Olive&oil eztraction are dense in Ezine, Ayvacık&Gökceada;stock raising, rice& tomato at Biga;cherry&peach at Lapseki.Bozcaada is reputed for centuries with its grapes& wines.Peach with no fuzz and apple are grown at Bayramic.Eceabat and the Gelibolu Peninsula is transforming to viniculture as it was 4000 years ago.Bean,red &green pepper and tomato are the main crops of Yenice.Apricot of Kepez is much praised.Organic agriculture on Gökceada is considerable. Apiculture is partly practiced at Ayvacık,Can, Yenice and Gökceada.